Hedemora chicken

The Hedemora chicken is an ancient Swedish native breed. It has dense and extra downy plumage – a result of its long-term adaptation to a cold climate.

  • Humans have probably kept chickens as domesticated animals for as long as they have been settled. They were owned by every household, and eventually different breeds developed in different areas.

  • Faktaruta om hedemorahöna
    Scientific name:

    Gallus gallus domesticus






    Rooster 2–2.5 kg, hen 1.5–2 kg

    Sexual maturity:

    20 weeks


    3 weeks

    Number of young:

    Up to 20 chicks


    Up to 10 years


    Plants and small animals

  • Our domesticated chickens originate from the wild chicken genus Gallus in Southeast Asia.

    Adapted to a cold climate


    The Hedemora chicken was once very common in the area around Hedemora in Dalarna. Due to the cold climate there, the chicken has developed characteristics that a bird in southern Sweden does not have.

    For example, it has an extra layer of down on the underside of the feathers. This under layer of down makes the plumage both dense and abundant, and the hen appears larger and more powerful than it actually is. In some cases, the down grows down the bird’s legs and makes the chicken look like it is wearing trousers.

    The colour of the feathers varies, with shades of black, grey and brown. The breed is relatively heavy, with a rooster weight of around 2.5 kilograms. The Hedemora chicken is an excellent laying hen, with good parenting skills.

  • Native breeds

    Native breeds are populations of domesticated animals that have lived for so long in the same area that they have adapted to the local environment and its specific conditions. Swedish native breeds have declined in number, but there is a growing focus on efforts to preserve them as they are an important genetic resource and part of our cultural heritage.

    Find out more about Swedish native breeds here.

You can find the Hedemora chicken here

Hedemora chicken